Most advances in medicine would not exist without the continuous efforts of researchers in both academic institutions and private industry. What unites the two groups, is their highly coherent and formalised discourse. The global exchange of academic data and intellectual property are a driving force for innovation and excellence in medicine. Although the international language of science is English, translation into the local language is often necessary in order to avoid too freely applied interpretations of a text.
Forms of academic text include research papers, publications, presentations, posters as well as dissertations and thesis.